Krzysztof Sokolovski →


2020, levkas (gesso), dyed levkas, ink, shellac, waxing, sculpted wood board, kowczeg, 99,5 x 44,5 x 2,5 cm




, , , , ,







Shellac - a variety of natural resin, obtained from the secretion of insects (Kerria lacca) called June (from red colour), living in India and Thailand on trees, popularly called shellac. Depending on the type of tree, the shellac is yellow to red-brown. In India, this resin has been used as a dye for colouring clothes since ancient times. Since the 16th century, it has been a valued furniture surface polish as well as an ingredient of varnish, lacquer and solder varnish. Natural shellac, despite the wide use of synthetic resins, is irreplaceable in many areas: in food industry, pharmaceutical industry, production of paints and varnishes, ink, renovation of antique objects.

Lewkas (gesso) - (from the Greek word leukos, i.e. white), glue-chalk primer used in board painting and in gilding. It is applied on the icon in the hot, usually in about twelve layers. One layer for one day. The prayer of the ritual then turns its attention to the Apostles (one for each layer). He reminds us of their deeds and asks for intercession.

Kowczeg - shallow indentation in the middle of the front side of the board. In the Orthodox Slavonic language the word kowczeg means ark and refers to the Ark of the Covenant. It indicates the sacred character of the painting itself as a kind of relic. In the kowczeg the main image was placed, and at the edge of the board, called the icon field, small scenes and figures of saints (glue) or inscriptions. Often the field remains empty, or a part of the painting enters it from the kowczuga (e.g. a halo). A slight curvature between the icon field and the kowczeg is called a lyre.

Scroll to Top